This preprint was accepted August, 1997.
Contact: S. V. Buyalo
A 3-dimensional graph-manifold is composed from simple blocks which are products of compact surfaces with boundary by the circle. Its global structure may be as complicated as one likes and is described by a graph which might be an arbitrary graph. A metric of nonpositive curvature on such a manifold, if it exists, can be described essentially by a finite number of parameters which satisfy a geometrization equation. The aim of the work is to show that this equation is a discrete version of the Maxwell equations of classical electrodynamics, and its solutions, i.e., metrics of nonpositive curvature, are critical configurations of the same sort of action which describes the interaction of an electromagnetic field with a scalar charged field. To establish this analogy it turns out to be possible in the framework of the spectral calculus (noncommutative geometry) of A. Connes.
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